Winter Recreation in Uzbekistan, know-how to get energy charged and lots of emotions
Thousands of tourists every year, taking advantage of winter discounts, make a fascinating journey to Tashkent, Samarqand, Bukhoro, Khiva, the ancient cities, located on the Great Silk Road. But, Uzbekistan is mostly attractive in winter for connoisseurs of skiing. Tourists from Austria and Russia who had a fascinating trip to the mountainous areas of Uzbekistan make sure in that.
Eighty kilometers away from Tashkent the Ugam-Chotqol National Park with resort areas Chimyon-Chorqoq-Beldersoy is stretches out in the western spurs of the Tian Shan – the Celestial Mountains. On the magnificent mountain sides of the Chimyon, situated at the height of 1,600-2,400 meters above sea level, snow covers the tops from October to May. Local ski slopes meet the standards of the International Ski Federation. This place is called “Uzbek Switzerland” by right. Relatively mild climate, almost no wind and three hundred days of sunshine throughout a year, as well as wide choice of tracks for skiing, slalom and speed descent create excellent conditions for winter recreation. Here on the slopes of the Big and Small Chimyon there is a sports base “Twelve Keys” where the national team of Uzbekistan on Alpine skiing gets in training and where our freestyle Olympic champion Lina Cheryazova grew up.
The slopes of the Big and Small Chimyon are considered the fine place for skiing and snowboarding. Descents from an untouched snow cover in these mountains are usually organized at the altitude of 4,100-1,500 meters above sea level. Barely accessible to ordinary skier the tops, ridges and spurs are selected for free-ride lovers by experienced guides.
Top qualified helicopter pilots deliver thrill-seekers to the starting point of descent. It is possible to perform four or five descents with total 5-7 kilometers run-up. This allows us to achieve overall reel in the vertical by 5-7 kilometers. Helicopter Mi-8 is used to deliver tourists to the destination. It can take aboard not more than 24 people, including three crew members, two guides and one expert on avalanches. The number of athletes served counts 18 people, while optimal number is 15.
The most popular descent is from the dominating top of this mountain area, Big Chimyon, which has a height of 3,309 meters above sea level. A stunning beauty view of the whole resort area is opened from this top. Outlines of Tashkent could be seen in the west, Karjantau ridge is in the north-west. Next to it and in the right is Ugam ridge, while scallops of Pskem ridge are seen in the north-east. Between the last two is located Maydontol ridge. This is a favorite place for free riders. Peaks of Chotqol range are barely visible afar in the south-east. Big Chimyon belongs to the last one. And finally, looking to the south-west, one can see snow-covered tops of Kuramin range.
Looking closer we can see hotels, houses and lots of buses at the foot of Big Chimyon. This is the resort “Chimyon Oromgohi.” The six-kilometer route of the descent ends here.
“We remember our descents with great delight and a mass of emotions. It is an incredible feeling of enjoy from free descent. We hear the rustle of skis on fresh snow and cool mountain air gently touches our hot with excitement faces. Every time finding ourselves at the foot of the mountain, we feel the irresistible desire to repeat the descent,” shares the impressions a tourist from Russia Natalia Prokhorova. “And it is not a problem, because a tireless assistant – the helicopter, is at our service any time.”
Slopes of Pskem valley are able to satisfy a rather wide requirement that is considered one of the major and most picturesque in the region. First of all, these are descents from the tops Padir and Kaptarkumish with the height more than three and a half thousand meters. No less exciting skiing is offered at the mountain valleys. Skiers or snowboarders can move around the iced surface of the exotic mountain lake Ihnach-ko’l or finish their descent on the valley overgrown with shrubs and trees. A rapid descent on the surface of iced mountain rivers – the glaciers Tekesh and Eastern Ayutor on Maydontol ridge leave quite unforgettable impressions.
The descent from the Davon pass in Chotqol Mountains has its special charms as well. The length of this track, ending on the high-mountain Angren plateau, is eight kilometers. For masters of free-ride it has no special difficulties, but for the beginner it is of great impressions.
Those who for the first time decided to make a breathtaking skiing from mountain peaks in the western Tian Shan are to be escorted by experienced guides who are always ready to share with some secrets of free-riding. These specialists will ensure safety of extreme relaxation. They have a permanent communication, transportation, necessary equipment and medications for that.
Avalanches are the most dangerous in the mountains. Tourists are recommended to have special sensors in a backpack – bippers, avalanche shovel and probe for the case. In the absence tourists will be provided with such equipments on-site. Besides, it is also recommended to take sunscreen and sunglasses, gloves, appropriate headwear. Many take photo or video cameras in order to shoot unforgettable moments and adorable beauty of nature.
Tourists have not to worry about meals. Everyone preferred a heli-skiing program will have the opportunity to learn the world of eastern hospitality and delicious local cuisine of Uzbek people. Those in diet will also be taken into account. You only have to inform tour operators.
Heli-skiing program tour is meant for 8 days. And all these days, you will feel comfort and delight from bright impressions. Later, remembering the beautiful places in Chimyon, Chorvoq, Beldersoy, you will dream to return here.
Taleb Rifai: “Vital initiatives on Silk Road travel again at work in Samarqand”
Secretary General of the UN World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Taleb Rifai who took part in a number of noticeable tourist actions in Uzbekistan, has answered the questions of UT correspondent.
Mr. Rifai how you estimate the results of the last international tourist actions and your stay in Uzbekistan?
“First of all, we have reached the set goal. We are pleased with good level of organization of the last session of UNWTO in Samarqand where the most important initiatives on tourism advancement on the Silk Road have been accepted again. I want to underline with pleasure those special interest of the state that understands well the opportunities and prospects of the development of tourism in your country.”
What directions of joint work of Uzbekistan within the program of technical cooperation of UNWTO You could foreground?
“Speaking about technical cooperation of Uzbekistan with UNWTO, including within the Tourism Program on the Silk Road, we have discussed and planned two directions of joint work. The first we have already started is the perfection of tourist statistics by introduction in Uzbekistan of so-called Tourism Satellite Account. I am assured that it is impossible to construct effective tourist strategy having no exact data and indicators of volumes and demand. It is rather important to provide not only gathering, but analyzing similar data. Another direction we have planned to implement within the technical cooperation with NC O’zbekturizm concerns the issues on classification of placement means. Nowadays, UNWTO has developed the modern mechanism for perfection of hotel classification that could be easily applied in Uzbekistan. We have necessary and very convenient in practice criteria that allow tourist administrations to raise standards of hotels and other means of accommodating to international level. And it is only a few directions that are along with a supporting policy of tourist sector of Uzbekistan and the accepted initiatives on tourism development on the Silk Road can yield concrete results already in the near future.”
A Souvenir to Remember an Enthralling Tour
Any traveler who returns from wanderings in far-away lands, wishes to keep something to remember the acquaintance with a new country and its people. A souvenir made by hands of a master will always revive the memoirs from travel across Uzbekistan, the “golden part” of the ancient Great Silk Road. Having visited a handicraftsman’s workshop or art salon in every cities of the country it is possible to choose a national toy, ware, small boxes painted with varnish miniature, clothes and more many other things to liking.
Uzbekistan is a true finding for fans and collectors of the artistic ceramics. Here, the ceramic art is considered the most ancient national craft, and each region has its school and special features. For instance, in Khorazm the descendants and apprentices of the well-known Khiva master R. Matchanov create pitchers – clay vessels with wide neck covered with turquoise glaze, deep bowls – tubs, traditional lamps – chiroqs decorated with subtle blue and ultramarine ornament. People pf crafts of Samarqand leave nobody indifferent with their amusing small figures depicting the national favorite Ho’ja Nasriddin riding his donkey. They also can make the whole caravans of tiny camels or candlesticks in the shape of fantastic dragons reminding terracotta sculptures, discovered by archeologists in ruins of the ancient Marokand, and thin ceramic drinking bowls for tea at easy contact blows a crystal ringing.
Since old days the ceramics created by Rishton masters from Farg’ona Valley drew the attention of collectors from across the world. Rishton masters started using glaze “ishqor” on the base of natural dyes as early as in the 14th century. Today art of the ancestors is glorified by masters M. Qodirov, M. Saidov, G. Masharipov who create those popular blue Rishton ceramics that are distinct in great variety of shapes and ornaments. The products made by Bukhoro masters charm people by subtlety of shapes and pattern reminding the coloring of peacock feathers. Inexhaustible capabilities of the burned clay are showcased by the Tashkent masters V. Shurkov and R. Muhamajonov whose figure compositions are full of humor as like they narrate about meetings of old friends in tea house or market.
Connoisseurs of national female adornments will not remain indifferent to products by jewelers of Tashkent, Bukhoro and Samarqand – traditional earrings kashg’ar-boldoq as well as dome-shaped earrings with pendants, bracelets and rings with favorite Eastern stones – pearls, rubies, turquoise and cornelian. Work of Bukhoro chasers differs with refinement and accuracy. On brass and copper trays with stamping ornament they engrave images of architectural monuments of “sacred Bukhoro”. Hereditary chaser from Marg’ilon M. Madaliyev forges traditional vessels for washing and water, decorating with patterns their spouts and handles.
Uzbek handicraftsmen were famous all along the Great Silk Road for their proficiency in metal processing. The Uzbek national knife – pichoq created by the Chust or Qo’qon smith can take a worthy place in any collection.
The Uzbek masters have brought woodcarving to the level of high art. Wall panels, boxes and short-leg national tables – khon-tahta with six or eight sides table-top from wood of nut, beech or plane tree are decorated by a refined pattern. Yet the most mysterious thing is a book-holder – lauh. It is cut out from the integral lump of a firm tree, without any hardware and hinges. It is opened up in skillful hands of a master, forming rather complex design with several numbers of richly ornamented shelves. Tashkent masters S. Rahmatullayev and H. G’aniyev know the secret of manufacturing a folding screen – panjara. Its folds are made out on the basis of the accurate mathematical calculation known from the far past, by through geometrical ornament laid out from skillfully cut-out tree lumps with no using nails and glue.
Ornamental art has been brought to perfection in woodcarving products. The subtle vegetative ornament “islimi”, made with the use of oil paints, decorates powder boxes and cases, caskets and khon-tahtas made in workshops of artisans. Even more subtle patterns quite frequently decorated by mosaic gold, are painted on lacquer ware from papier-mâché by artists – musavvirs who have revived the ancient art of miniature. The ornamental frame often contains scenes of hunting and battles on the motives of such poetic eposes as Shohnoma and Boburnoma as well as the plots evoked by gazelles of Alisher Navoi and Umar Hayyom.
The theme painting is also used in leather membranes of souvenir tambourines – doyras. Diminutive Uzbek musical instruments – dutors, rubobs, tanboors with the tense strings and decoration from nacre are considered an excellent souvenir for the fan of the Eastern music.
Quite a few visitors to Uzbekistan will leave the country without a remarkable national headwear – skullcap. Chust-made skullcaps for men from black sateen with white patterns in the form of four pods of pepper and women’s skullcaps with bright embroidery will suit everyone. The gold-embroidered Bukhoro skullcaps shine as like precious diadems.
Yet in the Middle Ages caravans carried the well-known Bukhoro and Khiva carpets to the West and East. Uzbek carpet weavers make other no less bewitching napless carpets as well. The Qo’qon striped “gajari” and Shahrisabz “arabi” carpets with geometrical patterns – indispensable attribute of traditional furniture of the Uzbek house.
At last, the true pearl of crafts of the Uzbek people are handmade fabrics. As early as in the middle of the first millennium the masters of Samarqand and Farg’ona Valley weaved silk fabrics from raw silk.
Handmade abr fabrics weaved from already painted silk threads are quite popular in Uzbekistan. The name of the pattern received in such way “abr” is translated as “as like a cloud”. The Marg’ilon weavers-abrbandi also weave semisilk adras, as well as ordinary silk fabric shoyi, and the world-known khon-atlas that burning with all colors of rainbow, or a refined black-and-white coloring with gleams of green or dark blue colors.
Thus, Uzbekistan possesses even more interesting things that could become a fine souvenir for a long time in order to keepsake impressions about historical and cultural traditions, ancient customs of the Uzbek people.
Inbound Tourism – as an crucial factor of the industry’s advancement
(Farhad Rasulev, head of commission on inbound tourism under O’zbekturizm NC):
“It is widely known that inbound tourism can play no less important role both in national and regional economy. It is rather essential source inland revenues, provides the employment of small business and creates numerous workplaces. Nowadays, inbound tourism is the most widespread and highly profitable type of tourist activity. Statistics show the number of foreign tourists visiting our country grows year by year. If in 1993 we received 92, 35 thousand persons, then in 2010, according to prognosis, this number will increase to 410 thousand persons.
In this connection the sphere of inbound tourism needs constant modernization in order to meet international standards. Today, there are certain issues concerning this sphere the solution of which will promote the further successful development of tourism. The purpose of creation of the commission on inbound tourism – by means of tourist industry’s entities to offer the vision how to turn Uzbekistan with its huge tourist potential into the principal direction of this sphere in our region.
Our task is to analyze the situation, determining priorities in developing measures that will favor the development of inbound tourist streams in our country. For this purpose we have worked out suggestions including the issued list and the ways of their solving. We represented these suggestions to NC O’zbekturizm for reviewing.
Thus, in our opinion, the chosen mechanism of solving the issues should be mutually attractive for both the government and private sector. It will allow to prepare favorable ground for bilateral introduction of new elaborations and ideas meant for the sphere perfection.
As the development of tourism is interfaced with work of other organizations and departments, it is necessary to consider the tourist activity as interaction of all structures in one mechanism.
Especially it concerns the works on simplification of incoming, boundary and other tourist formalities, interactions with bank sphere, transportation, communication and others.
The suggested transformations will undoubtedly bear presumable results, namely the substantial growth of incoming tourist streams. As, our country possesses the considerable tourist potential represented by bewitching nature, rich historical and cultural heritage capable to satisfy requirements of majority of traveling connoisseurs.
O’zbekturizm National Company introduces a new scheme for government and private sector partnership in the travel area
The national tourism administration, in cooperation with private travel businesses, public institutions and stakeholders, has set up seven commissions to facilitate progress in the sphere. Uniting the professionals in working groups aims at elaborating proposals on modernizing the travel sector and promoting the image of Uzbekistan as a solid tourist destination.
The commissions are to focus on issues and prospects of incoming, outgoing and internal tourism; expansion of travel options in the sphere of adventure recreation in Uzbekistan; perfection of the regulatory framework in the sector; promotion of our country’s travel brand; attraction of investment and improvement of infrastructure; and working toward aptness in training, retraining and advanced training of personnel in the sphere.
Initial meetings of commissions have revealed the willingness of our country’s travel businesses to address pressing issues in the sector. Specification of tasks and powers is the way to effective cooperation and advancement, members of commissions believe.
In the Land of Goitred Gazelle – living in the kingdom of sandy sea
Looking at endless steppes of the Qizilqum Desert a question rises: what does it attract numerous academics with, especially the small part of the sandy sea? That small area is the reserve zone known to the scientific world as Ecology Center Jeyran, thanks to which the endangered kind of wonderful antelopes was saved.
Goitred gazelles, graceful fragile animals with gentle and devoted look, were included into the Red Book of Uzbekistan and International Red Book long ago. The Ecology Center Jeyran is the only center in the world reproducing these rare animals.
The total number of goitred gazelles in Uzbekistan is currently reaches 8-10 thousand. Hand-rearing is the most reliable way of saving them. Besides the nursery that was erected for this purpose, goitred gazelles are kept in Qizilqum and Qoraqum reserves. The goitred gazelles nursery was founded in May, 1977, when they bred 42 goitred gazelles, three Przewalski horses and four onagers. At that very time they defined the principal tasks of the ecology center: preservation, breeding and reproduction of goitred gazelles, other rare kinds of animals and their study.
There is a sawdust mat on the nursery entrance. “This is for disinfection,” the center workers explain. Endless desert space comes into view as absolutely lifeless area. However, looking closely, one can see several traces on the sand…
Scientific worker Natalia Soldatova tells about biological diversity in Jeyran center and Qizilqum Desert:
“Besides goitred gazelles, famous Przewalski horses, onagers, wild rams and more than 260 species of birds live on that land. According to the last animal calculation, a total of 902 goitred gazelles, 67 onagers, 21 Przewalski horses inhabit the ecology center.
How does the rehabilitation of the endangered species take place? Every day in the end of April and the beginning of May workers of the reserve travel all around the desert at night, trying to stay invisible, and find out the newborn goitred gazelles. One of two newborns is taken to the so-called children’s ground in the open-air cage. If only one goitred gazelle was born it is left with his mother. The grown-up goitred gazelles are awaited in zoos in different countries. Before this happens, workers of the center become “mothers” for little goitred gazelles for hundred days and feed them with the goat milk from the bottle. People spend all the time near the animals, sleep under the mosquito net in the desert and do their best not to allow these beautiful animals to disappear from the face of the earth.”
As the 33-year experience of the ecology center’s activity shows, the concern about the problems of ecological balance in the Central-Asian region raises from year to year. This can be proved by the fruitful cooperation with the World Wide Fund for Nature, French National Nature Study Center, allied organizations of CIS countries, Institute of Zoology of Tashkent, Samarqand branch of the Academy of Sciences, the Bukhoro State University and many others.
Workers of the Ecology Center Jeyran annually accept young ecologists there: members of ecology clubs, students of ecology departments and journalists to popularize careful treatment of nature.
Traditional Belt For All Occasions the Uzbek men’s belbog’ strap
The national traditional clothing has always been distinguished for its high practicality and versatility grounded on the century-old people’s experience. Humans have always been tending to look for clothing protecting them from cold and heat, was comfortable and beautiful. However, the versatility and details of the costume were important as well. Belbog’ that was worn by Uzbek men of yore met all abovementioned requirements.
Belbog’ has been serving a compulsory element of the national dress throughout the centuries. Men belted their quilted gowns with it in winter and wide shirts in summer. The Uzbek sash is the embroidered shawl that was shaped at an angle and bound around the waist. On weekdays they wore waistbands made of satin, and on holidays jigits decorated themselves with belts made of silk, atlas satin and adras. Belbog’ for solemn aristocracy ceremonies was especially spruce: it was made of velvet, luxuriously embroidered and decorated with silver pendant.
Waistbands have always been distinguished with brightness and brilliance: craftswomen embroidered red, blue, yellow and green fabrics with colorful threads. A side of a square shawl was about one meter in length; its folds played the role of pockets where they kept all handy things. A peasant working in remote fields could wrap some flat cake or tobacco into his waistband; a merchant hid his daily receipts there, and urban craftsman put small instruments into the waistband. Belbog’ was often used as a tablecloth far away from residential areas: having put it off and unfolded, men turned it into the mobile table.
Every Uzbek bride’s dowry comprised many embroidered articles, and several waistbands were compulsory there. A bride decorated them with fanciful patterns herself. They were destined for being gifted to the future bridegroom, his father, brothers and other male relatives. Each region of Uzbekistan has its own traditions of decorating the belbog’ that have been established for centuries. As a rule, a fabric is covered with the vegetable pattern embroidered with the satin stitch. Cotton or silk threads were dyed manually by natural stuff, the formula of which is still kept in the memory of hereditary craftswomen. The pattern spreads along the edge and corners of the waistband, the favorite images of flowers, delicate sprouts, vortical rosettes and endless waves can be discernible in main lines. Embroiderers often use the ornament with a magic sense wishing their men some wisdom, strength and longevity. So they decorate waistbands with the blossoming almonds, sheep’s horns and hot pepper.
The Uzbek men’s waistband was not only the universal element of dressing, many symbols and customs were connected with it. A gift of belbog’ has always been a display of a special respect and attention. In old times it was presented to the winners of national competitions or used as suyunchi – the award for good and happy news. They solemnly tied a waistband around a pupil’s waist during the ceremony of his consecration into the master rank and since that time he received a right to work independently.
The hospitable tradition of gifting dear and honorable guests with commemorative sets of the national men’s dress comprising an Uzbek gown, skullcap and belbog’ has been preserved in Uzbekistan up to the present days. The waistband pattern symbolizes a running cool mountain stream, blossoming poppies in the vast steppe, long song sounding over the valley. That is why the handmade traditional belbog’ continues decorating the men’s dressing and encouraging contemporary designers for its unique and innovative application.
Genuine Assistant. From the history of domestication and breeding of dogs
From the far past, the dog among other animals was the most staunch friend of the man. And this argument is backed by the findings of the archeologists and the whole range of petroglyphs with the scenes of hunting with dogs for wild animals in the Mountains of Tyan Shyan and Pamir-Alai. The ancient Uzbek land is the place of domesticating of dog along with such animals as camel and Karakul sheep.
In the figure of dog depicted in the petroglyph near Kho’jakent settlement in 80 kilometers from Tashkent it is not difficult to recognize the ancestor of wide-spread contemporary herders due to its short massive head, short trunk and thick tail covered by hair. The dog is depicted running: back legs are bent and front legs are drawn forward. The figures of the dog and the hunted goat are outlined. Both are dynamic and realistic enough. On these pictures the ancestors of contemporary greyhounds is recognized by their long legs, thin tail bent only at the end, long standing ears and general slight delineation of a trunk. Along with herders such dogs have been breeding in Central Asia since the ancient times.
In sacred Zoroastrian book Avesta where the events happened in the first half of the first millennium BC at the banks of great Central Asian river Amudaryo are described, the dog is considered the primordial domestic animal. It is significant that at the beginning of our chronology in barrows of the Central Asian nomads along with the stock one find the skeleton of horse and dogs which, as it was considered, are necessary to their owner in his afterlife.
The ancient Uzbek land along with breeding of local dogs, the foreign breeds of dogs had been brought by the routes of the Great Silk Road. It is known that at the first quarter of the 7th century the Chinese emperor Gaozu was offered the dogs of particular Byzantine breed from Central Asia. After this the breeding of Byzantine dogs became usual in China.
In Central Asia in the Middle Ages to present the governors hunting dogs were considered rather good gift. The hunting hugely developed during the Temurids ruling. In the 15th century the sovereign of Samarqand and great astronomer Mirzo Ulughbek was reputed to be the inveterate hunter. The dogs took part in falconries where they were obliged to find out the game, or overcome the goitered gazelle or another big prey kept by hunting birds.
The thoroughbred dogs were estimated very high. One good dog could be exchanged for a couple of camels. Such dogs were highly estimated in neighboring to Central Asia regions. For example, it is known that in the 17th century, different breeds of dogs from ancient Uzbek towns were kept at the court of the Boburids dynasty in India. During solemn audiences these dogs were taken to be demonstrated worn in small red blankets.
Secrets of Magic Patterns – Mysteries of symbols in the ancient Uzbek ornament
The national Uzbek ornament is extremely rich and rather beautiful, it is significant and deep in its essence, as the most ancient symbolism lies on its basis. The key to its solution is in certain cases already lost, but thanks to laborious work of the Uzbek scientists-art-historians and national masters preserving the ancestors’ heritage, the magic patterns reveal some of their secrets.
The word “ornament” from the Latin means “decoration”, these are the patterns which cover various products of national handicraftsmen, architectural constructions, clothes and home appliances. Today each type of the applied art in Uzbekistan is rich with the special drawings and the interlacing patterns, all ornamental motifs have the ancient national name. As a rule, patterns reflect the environment surrounding us, plant and animal kingdom, everyday life of people, their dreams and wishes. For instance, the principal ornament of the traditional Uzbek embroidery is the magnificent blossoming garden – the symbol of fertility, the wish of happiness and well-being. Fragrant and bright flowers owing to skills and imagination of national female artists pass from gardens and steppes to a cloth. The pattern of each flower has its symbolic meaning: cornflower designated the young man, scarlet poppy – the young girl, the rose symbolized peace and beauty, while tulip – innocence and cleanliness.
The ornaments, decorating samples of the folk art, often have images of plants which, according to our ancestors, possessed some salutary property, brought blessing, or served as amulets. The symbol of health and long life are fruits of noble almonds, the image of cayenne means cleansing and should save from evil, red grains of ripe pomegranate embody the riches, abundance and fertility. In lush of leaves, among the blossoming buds and graceful grapevines the bright birds are depicted that embody the ciphered wish of family happiness. The motley plumage of peacock, pheasant, or cock feathers aimed to protect from the bad eye, and the pattern “trace of the snake” of the same purpose. The applied art of Uzbekistan widely applied symbolical images of other animals as well: the turned mutton horns meant force and courage, while the image of nightingale – the highest wisdom.
Masters often sated their fanciful patterns with ancient national symbols of Sun, Earth, Moon, stars and sky. The Universe had its symbolic image as well and depicted as “life tree” in the shape of fantastic bushes or colorful bouquets in intricate vases. The wavy and streaming patterns embodying streams of life-giving water gifting life are linked with the agricultural cult of fertility.
In the depths of the ancient ornament among ingenious patterns the images of simple articles from everyday life were hidden: trays, jugs, chains, teapots. However these drawings as well had their implication. For instance, knives depicted in order to protect from envy and evil spirits, and lamps – to clear space of dark forces. Sometimes pattern compositions included inscriptions in Arabic, modern samples of the national applied art are decorated with images of historical monuments and architectural constructions of Uzbekistan. Such pictures are the bright symbol of honoring the ancient history and the pride of today’s achievements.
Thin, laced and attractive ornaments concealing the centuries-long mysteries and hidden signs personify the talent and poetic soul of the Uzbek people. One could look at these patterns infinitely, they bewitch with their spirituality, fancifulness and national color, being kept in mind with all their magnificence.