Since long the embroidery decorate clothes and homes of Uzbeks, Tadjiks, Karakalpaks living on the territory of Uzbekistan. For the long period of its existence in IXX century local artistic centers Bukhara, Nurat, Shakhrisyabz, Samarkand, Dzizak, Tashkent, Pskent, Fergana had been formed.
Before 80-ths of IXX century the embroidery had been made by silk and wool dyed with natural stainers on home weaved cotton fabric. In the past the patterns of embroidery carried certain cultic load, especially in the wedding clothes, where magic ornament was applied for driving away evil spirits from young couple.
The functional intent of embroidered goods was various; wall embroideries (susane, palyak, gulkurpa), curtains dissembling niches (joypush, kirpechf), friezes embordering upper part of the wall (zardevor), prayer rugs (joynamaz), wedding sheets (ruidjo) and etc.
Pskent suzane, so called oy-palyak, differ by nebular ornament and depict curcumterrestrial planets and stars.
The main pattern of Uzbek embroidery is plant kingdom and zoomorphic ornament. Plant kingdom ornament represents blossoming bushes with flowers, head of flowers on thin stalks and leafy bines. One can see in the density of plant kingdom pattern the images of animals and birds in bright feathering.
Traditional clothes of Uzbek females was plentifully decorated with embroidery.
Especially should be marked the embroidered scull caps “tubeteikas”, here one can differentiate Fergana, Surkhandarya scull caps. Chust male scull caps are considered to be the best ones till present time.
The imagination about embroidery in Uzbekistan will not be complete if not to represent its rare kind golden sewing. The highest florescence this art had got in Bukhara in the middle of IXX century, where it was created by skilled masters for the ruler and his retinue. Golden sewers in IXX century were mainly men. Male gowns, turbans, scull caps, shalvars, shoes.
Today mainly women are dealing with golden sewing.
The people had mastered this kind of craft not only in Bukhara, but also in other towns.
Golden sewing is widely used in modern clothes, this embroidery decorates dresses, jackets, scull caps, bags, sheaths for glasses and mobile phones.
Surprising dish pumpkins are growing in Uzbekistan, so called “idish kovok”. Earlier they used to make soup ladle from them, sour milk products are well preserved in them, for instance “katyk”, which is cool even in the very hot day. If to store cereals in such pumpkins, then there will be no insects in them. Traditionally in small pumpkins local population was storing local tobacco “nasvoi”.
With the appearance of manufactured utensil in the XX century growing and use of pumpkins had been stopped.
Though in the 90-ths Uzbek artists again started dealing with pumpkins, after had given them the functions of decorative character.
Fancy forms of pumpkins started being decorated with carving, burning, painting.
One of such masters is Tashkent artist Sirojitdin Ziyamov. He himself invented special colorants and polishes with which he paints round surface of pumpkins. Subjects of paintings are borrowed from oriental miniatures and literature. Ethnographic motives also give to painted pumpkins surprising exoticism.
Presently very many masters are dealing with decoration of pumpkins, which have great demand among tourists.