The Bukhara State museum was founded in November 10, 1922.
The permanent exposition of the museum represents the nature and history of the area, the development of folk decorative and applied art. The museum has a rich collection of more than 60 thousand exhibits. Among them is the archeological collection reflecting different stages of history of the ancient Bukhara oasis. The most valuable are items from the burial mounds dating back to period from the second century B.C. till first century A. D., a numismatic collection (from fourth century B. C. till nineteenth century A. D.), earthenware articles of the Early Middle Ages and of the golden age of Bukhara when the city was a political and cultural centre of the Samanid state.
Bukhara is the centre for trade and handicraft since times of antiquity. It was famous for copper-chasing, jewelers art, ceramics and the art of gold embroidery. The 18th-20th century articles made by Bukhara coppersmiths or “misgars”, as they are called here, such as dastshui, oftoba, choidish are notable for the strict beauty of form and the rhythmic arrangement of patterns. The jewelers, too, have added a vivid page to the history of artistic treatment of metal. Bukhara was famed for a variety of forms and perfect technique of bracelets “das-tpona”, “khalka” ear-rings, pendants, belt-buckles and necklaces, and also for original big articles of jewelers art coated with engraving, niello, enameling of varied colors.
The museum boasts a rich collection of embroidery – one of the most popular kinds of folk decorative and applied art. Among them are decorative wall hangings: susana, nimsusana. zardevor; bed-spreads or joipush which were destined, mainly, for the bride’s dowry.
Suzana – a decorative wall-hanging. Bukhara, late 19th century. Hand embroidery with woolen threads on a cotton fabric, mata, jurma, stitch.
Gold embroidery is the predominant part of the Bukhara decorative handicraft. Visitors to the museum are invariably impressed with the brilliance of embroidery and filigree of work of gold-embroiders or “zarduzes” of Bukhara.
Articles of men’s gold-embroidered clothes.
Manuscripts played an important role in the life of the society. They carefully preserved and passed on the varied legacy of written culture of the Bukhara oasis. The collection of manuscripts at the museum has quite a number of books on the history, philosophy, literature, natural sciences, and cookery. The earliest ones date back to the sixteenth century.
The museum is engaged in large-scale scientific-research work and collecting of exhibits. The museum accu?mulates more than two thousand exhibits annually.
More than one million two hundred people visit the Bukhara State historical-architectural museum and its branches every year.
Pichok – knives. Bukhara, early 20th century. Blades steel, engraving; decorated hafts made of metal and bone; sheaths leather, brass, chased.