M O S Q U E S

More about Khiva             WALLS & GATES  |  MOSQUES  |  MADRASAHS  |  MINARETS  |  MAUSOLEUMS  |  CARAVANSERAI & TIMSPALACES & HOUSES
Discounts hotel

• Ichan-Kala
     • Ak Mosque (1838-1842)
     • Bagbanli Mosque (1809)
     • Dzhuma Mosque (10th century, 1788)
     • Hasan Murad Kushbegi Mosque (1800)
     • Shaikh Mukhtar Ata Mosque (1810-1835)
     • Yar Muhammad Devan Mosque (18th century)

• Dishan-Kala
     • Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai Mosque and Madrasah

• Khiva District
     • Atadzhan-tura Mosque and Madrasah (1893-1899)

The Aq Mosque is part of an ensemble near the eastern gate of Ichan-Kala. Foundation laid in 1657 simultaneously with the Anush Khan bath-houses. Judging by inscriptions on the mosque doors, the building dates back to 1838-42. The inscriptions also mention the names of the Khiva master woodcarvers Nur Muhammad, the son of Adin Kalandar, Kalandar, the son of Seyid Muhammad, The mosque is essentially a mahalli (quarter) - type structure with a domed hall with a three-sided aivan (gallery). The southern wall contains a mihrab-nich orienting the worshipers towards Mecca.

The Bogbonli lies in the southeastern part of Ichan-Kala. According to an inscription on the avian wall, the mosque dates back to the year 1809 (1224 of Hijra), which also denotes the date and name of master Pakhlavan-kuli who designed the whole building written out in verse on a stone plaque east of the mosque entrance. The doors feature the name of another woodcarver - Ruz Muhammad, the son of Adin Muhammad, the man who decorated the carved door leading to the zariat-khana of Sheikh Mukhtar-Vali's mausoleum in the village of Astana in the Yangiaryk district. Legend has it that the mosque was built on money donated by two horticulturist brothers. The mosque has a rectangular shape and consists of a darvaz-khana lined by a pair of taharat-khanami, a twin-column avian and a domed winter quarters. The aivan's carved wood columns are of great artistic value and whose ornamentation brings to mind the 14th century columns seen at the Dzhuma Mosque.

According to the Arab geographer Mukaddasiy, the Dzhuma Mosque dates back to the 10th century. The mosque as it is now was built on money donated by Khan Abdurakhman Mekhtar's officials in the later 18th century. Historian Munis attests much to the same fact. The mosque is a unique structure without portals, domes, galleries and courtyard. The mosque can be accessed from on three sides. In the northern side opening on Palvan Kari Street features a 33 meter tall minaret. Inside there is a large hall with the ceiling resting on 213 wood columns. There are small openings in the ceiling for lighting and ventilation. The southern wall features a stalactite-filled niche and to its right there is a marble plaque detailing the mosque's earnings and lands. Of special interest are variously dated hand-carved doors and columns, dated back to 1316, 1517 1788 and 1789.

The Khasan Murad Kushbegi Mosque (the chief of the Khan's security detail) was built in the late 18th century. Located behind the Musa Tura Madrasah at Ichan-Kala, it was jointly erected by Khasan Murad Kushbegi and his relative Shah Niyaz. However, the mosque only bears Khasan Murad Kashbegi's name. It is a small quadrangular mosque laid out as a living quarters. In the north the rectangular structure a narrow courtyard, summer avian and winter mosque. In the northeastern corner there is a minaret built inside a structure adjacent to the tarahat-khana. Restored in 1997.

Is a mahalli (quarter) mosque and is adjacent to the northern section of the Pahlavan Mahmud mausoleum and was built in 1810-1835. The mosque consists of winter premises, taharathana (a body washing room for the dead) and a tall summer single-column avian (gallery). Restored in 1997.

The Yar Muhammad Devan Mosque (Sayidata) of 18th century was built by Yar-Muhammad Devan. It stands right behind the Sayid Alavudin mausoleum with the Abdurasulbai Madrasah adjoining its eastern wall. The mosque's structural composition combines a domed hall and a high flat avian. On the layout the mosque is an offset rectangle with both sides of the avian edged westwards; probably because it was added later to the main cube-shapes structure the architects had to account for the small structure next to the north-west entrance which would have created certain problem.

The complex was built in 1830-40 by a local merchant Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai who, as is evident from his name - shalikar, meaning a rice grower - specialized on the production and sale of rice. The complex is located in the Dishan-Kala not far from the Palvan-Darvaza gate. Just like the Djuma Mosque, the Sayid Niyaz Shalikarbai Mosque served as a Friday Mosque. It is the city's second mosque after Djuma. The compact complex features a nine-dome winter mosque, a tall four-column avian with a backyard, a two-story pointed madrasah and a tall minaret rising up in between. Open to worshipers.

The Atajan Tura Mosque and Madrasah were built in 1893-99 by the young brother of Sayid Muhammad Rahimkhan II (Feruz) Atajan Tura who was briefly declared Khan during the Russian siege of the city. On June 1 1873 Atajan Tura wrote a letter to the legitimate Khan Sayid Muhammad Rahim on request from the first Governor-General of Turkistan Kaufman asking him to get back to Khiva. On August 12 1873 the Khiva Khanate and Russia signed the Gandimyan Treaty. The complex comprises a summer and winter mosques, a madrasah, a school, a bathhouse etc. They are now fully restored and serve as a folk arts center.

More about Khiva             WALLS & GATES  |  MOSQUES  |  MADRASAHS  |  MINARETS  |  MAUSOLEUMS  |  CARAVANSERAI & TIMSPALACES & HOUSES

Tashkent | Hotels | Map Samarkand | Hotels | Map Bukhara | Hotels | Map Khiva | Hotels | Map


© The copy rights disponent - Walter Kaefer. All rights reserved

 No images from PAGETOUR CD or website may be reproduced without prior written consent.

Узбекистан: Туризм, Информация, Фотографии, Гостиницы, Карта   ПАРУС Отдых, поездки, путешествия - Узбекистан, Ташкент. Консультации   Parus - Uzbekistan cheap travel, information: sights, visa, hotels, tickets   hints decorating rooms   Uzbekistan travel and tourism directory   Tashkent Uzbekistan Trip - Web Design Link Building Linking campaign SEO   WK Travel Agency. Uzbekistan, Central Asia Visa Tours, Hotels, Flights   Uzbekistan tourism information: sights, attractions, hotels, map, photos   Asia travel tours   Mountain Guides