Khiva / Khorezm / Mausoleums / Information / History / Sights

Discounts hotel

• Ichan-Kala
     • Pakhlavan Mahmud Mausoleum (14th to 16th centuries)
     • Payando Mausoleum (16th century)
     • Sayyid Alovaddin Mausoleum (1303)
     • Tugon Turak Mausoleum (19th century)
     • Uch Avliya Bobo Mausoleum (16th to 20th century)
     • Yunusakhan Mausoleum (1558 to 1559)

• Dishan-Kala
     • Abdal Bobo Mausoleum (8th to 18th centuries)
     • Sayyid Muhammad Makhiruy Mausoleum (19th century)
     • Shakalandar Bobo Mausoleum (16th century)

• Khiva District
     • Bibi Hojar Mausoleum (1846)
     • Shaikh Mavlon Bobo Mausoleum (19th century)
     • Shakhimardan Mausoleum (18th century)

It is the largest dome in Khiva covered with blue glazed tiles with shining gilded top. Built in honor of the famous Khiva poet and undefeated professional wrestler, the city's pir (patron saint) and healer Pahlavan Makhmud. Originaly the mausoleum was modest, but it rapidly grew into a pilgrim site with a great number of hujras, khanaka and mosques. In 17th century, an entrance portal to the mausoleum was built on the south side. In 1719, Sherghazi Khan, when building a new madrasah south of the cemetery, oriented it strictly towards PaKlavan Mahmud Mausoleum. In 1810, after a successful raid to Kungrad, Muhammad Rahimkhan I decided to alter the ensemble drastically. Late constructions have spread to the east and partly to the south from the ancient mausoleum. The annex to the Mausoleum was planned as a grand family burial vault for kungrads. Marble headstones of Abulgazikhan (1663) and Anushakhan (1681) were moved to the new building and installed next to the burial niche of Muhammad Rahimkhan; there is Elbars II's epitaph (1728 to1740) in the portal pylon. During the rule of Allah Kuli Khan the building was decorated with majolica tiles. The 1810 construction was supervised by craftsman Adina Muhammad Murad from Khozarasp; majolica tiles dating back to 1825, when another side gallery was added, were manufactured by Nur Muhammad, son of Usto Kalandar Khivaki, and Sufi Muhammad, son of Abdal Jabbar. Abdullah Jin was the author of pictures. A craftsman Nadir Muhammad made a wooden door in 1893-1894. At the end of 19th century, the cemetery was separated after the construction of four karikhanas and Yaqubbay Khodja madrasah. In 1913, a two-storey building was erected in the yard in front of the mausoleum. Burial vaults of Isfandiyarkhan's mother and son as well as his own burial site are located in the rooms of that building. According to the common version, Isfandiyar who died outside Ichan-Kala, at Nurullabay'a Palace, was not buried in his burial place; his son Temur Gazi after he was poisoned was buried not here but in Sayyid Makhiruy Jakhan Mausoleum next to his grand-father. Construction of the magnificent architectural complex was completed after an ayvan on carved columns was erected in the southeastern part of the yard.

This one-domed portal mausoleum with a basement burial vault located on the south side of Dzhuma Mosque. The facade is equipped with high east-facing portal deco-rated with a pattern of ganch. Three meters in front of the portal is an underground passage, which serves as a special entrance to the burial place. There is a ziaratkhana in the upper room.

The crypt is adjoining the eastern walls of Matniyaz Devan-begi Madrasah, it was built in honor of the great Sufi sheikh died in 1303. A burial vault with a dome and unique majolica headstone was erected in the first half of the 14th century and later in the 17th century a ziarat khana hall with a portal entrance facing the opposite direction was added. The architecture of these rooms has been influenced by different epochs: there are multi-layer archaic cellular pendentives and low-set dome in the gurkhana; on the other hand, the dome in the ziarat-khana is raised high on arched pendentives.

The Mausoleum is located in Yussuf Tashpulatov Street in Ichan-Kala, in front of the north-western corner of Tash Khauli Palace. According to the existing evidence, the mausoleum was built in honor of Tugan Turak who originated from the Turkish Muslims and was one of Khiva's envoys of Kuteyba Ibn Muslim who conquered Khorezm in 712. Mausoleum was rebuilt in the 19th century.

This Mausoleum is located near the western walls of Tash Khauli. The monument commemorates three saints. A vast hall of the mausoleum is covered with a dome on arched pendentives with cellular filling of corners characteristic for Khorezm. The mausoleum was closely surrounded by late burials (sagana). The earliest date - 1561 - can be found on the panel of the carved door. The craftsman's name written on the carved entrance door is Abdullah Ibn Sayyid. Judging by the inscriptions, the Mausoleum was repaired in 1821-1822, some brickwork of the portal and few arcs were replaced. At the beginning of the 80's of the 20th century the portal was damaged by heavy rains; besides, the column ayvan of the mosque in front of the mausoleum portal was severely damaged, too. After the restoration of the monument and redeveloping of the surrounding territory the mausoleum became one of the most frequently visited places.

The Mausoleum is located south of Hojash Makhram Madrasah. It is a longitudinal-axis two-domed portal mausoleum with a crypt under a gurkhana with its central axis oriented in south-north direction. Both rooms are covered with spherical conical domes on arched pedantries. Yusunkhan was one of preventatives of the Khorezmkhan's dynasty. He was buried in one of the rooms. It is yet unknown who was buried in the second vault.

This Mausoleum is located in the eastern part of Dishan-Kala, south of Abdullah Nasfurush Madrasah, east of Palvan Kari Madrasah. The Mausoleum was erected in honor of Abdal Bobo whose real name was Palvan Ahmad Zamchiy. After Arabs' invasion Abdal Bobo became one of the followers and promoters of Islamic religion in Khiva. After his death a winter and summer mosque, a minaret, a khauz and a cemetery appeared around the place of his burial. Abdal Bobo Mausoleum was built in Bukhara style. Abdal Bobo who came from kishlak Zamchi in Bukhara was the great-grandson of Prophet Muhammad.

Sayyid Muhammad Makhiruy Mausoleum (19th century) - [ Dishan-Kala ] It is located on Sirchaly aryk in Amir Timur Street. A compound memorial complex consists of three groups of monumental structures including burial sites of several Khiva khans. Sayyid Muhammadkhan, Muhammad Rahimkhan II (Feruz) and his grandson Temurghazi Tura, Isfandiyarkhan's son were buried here. In special cells around the Mausoleum there are tombs of the Khiva khans' descendants, their wives and children. As the legends say, once there lived in these parts a Sufi sheikh called Chadirli Ishan. After his death he was buried here, and the cemetery that grew around his tomb got the name of Chadirly Ishan. In the second half of 19th century, Sayyid Muhammadkhan ordered to erect a mausoleum over the sheikh's tomb. As a result of further construction, the complex turned into the Khiva khans' family crypt. Next to it is the burial site of Islam Khodja.

This mausoleum is located southwest from Bikadjan Bika Madrasah, it was built in the center of the cemetery bearing the same name. According to the legends, Shakalandar Bobo, or Sheikh Kakandar Bobo was a Sufi sheikh and arrived in Khiva together with his two brothers who were dervishes. The Mausoleum is a one-domed portal burial vault. The Mausoleum portal with a folding door in Baghdadai style faces the north. The Mausoleum was restored in 1997.

It is located in Ruzmat Madaminov collective farm, it is a large memorial complex that includes a mausoleum, winter mosque and cemetery. Bibi Hojar was the mother of great thinker, teacher and valiy-tarosh ("creator of valiys") Najmiddin Kubro. The Mausoleum was built long after her death during the rule of Muhammad Rahimkhan, which is proved by the inscription on the winter mosque column. The Mausoleum and adjacent structures were restored before the 850th anniversary of Nadjmiddin Kubro's birthday.

The Mausoleum is located in the territory of Sheikh Mavlon Bobo cemetery in Agakhi collective farm, Khiva district. In the 19th century, a minaret, mosque and madrasah were erected in the cemetery territory on Allah Kuli Khan's order. By the beginning of the 20th century, a cemetery grew around the Mausoleum. Right here, around Sheikh Mavlon Bobo Mausoleum, is the burial site of Munis, historian and translator who served as mirab and scribe in the Khiva Khanate, as well as the burial site of his nephew Aghakhi.

Is located 500 meters west of Dishan-Kala in Pahlavan Mahmud collective farm. The cemetery around the Mausoleum started growing in the 18th century. People connect the burial site with the name of prophet Khazrat Ali's son-in-law. In fact, Khorezmshakh's standard bearer or shokhimardon ("the shakh of brave warriors") was first buried here. Later warriors and military leaders killed in combat were buried here. Shakhimaradan Mausoleum stands in the very center of the memorial complex with a madrasah (late 19th century) and karikhana (1908) around it. There are also Toza makhrama, Shakhsuvar makhrama madrasah and a mausoleum where Toz Makhram's family members are buried, as well as Sardorbay madrasah and korikhona.


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